Instructions to researchers on how to prepare researches
Researchers should submit their research electronically through the research submission system and on the   Athar Al-Rafedain Journal  website through this link.
 AARJ Website:
1: Submission of the research:
1-1: Requirements for submitting research for the first time:
Researchers can choose to submit the research as a single file to be used for the evaluation process.
1-2: Requirements for submitting the revised research:
When the research presented to be published at the stage of correction after the evaluation, researchers will be asked to amend the research in the correct form required by the journal in order to accept the publication as well as provide the journal with any additional elements aligned with the foundations of scientific publishing for research adopted by Athar Al-Rafedain Journal.
1-3: Instructors' names guidelines:
The names of researchers should be assigned to the research based on (1) substantial contributions to study design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation, (2) modifying or revising the research in a fundamental way to the intellectual content, (3) final approval of the final version sent for publication. All conditions above must be fulfilled by all researchers registered in the research. Obtaining funding, data collection, or general supervision of the research group is not enough for the name of the researcher to be mentioned among the names of the participants in the research authorship. Therefore, the contributors to the research who do not have the previously defined criteria can be added in the thanks and appreciation part. All researchers must agree to the sequence of researchers listed before submitting the research for publication. It must also be agreed upon by them to assign a researcher of them to be responsible for contacting, and who will also be responsible for arranging the entire research based on the requirements of the journal as well as speaking with the participating researchers during the evaluation and linguistic review stage.
2- Before Starting
2-1 The morals of publishing in Athar al-Rafedain Journal:
The ethical policy of Athar Al-Rafedain Journal is based on the guidelines issued by the Publication Ethics Committee (COPE) which comply with the codes of conduct adopted by the editorial board of the journal. Therefore, readers, researchers, residents, and members of the editorial board should follow these ethical policies once they start working for the journal. The ethical policy approved by the journal is responsible for determining what kind of research papers or scientific research submitted to the journal should be published. The decision to publish in the Athar Al-Rafedain journal is based on the recommendations of the evaluators and the opinions of the members of the magazine's editorial board. The ethical policy of Athar Al-Rafedain journal also emphasized that the editor-in-chief may consult with members of the editorial board or other evaluators in making the decision regarding acceptance of publication. The evaluators are responsible for reviewing and evaluating the research must adhere to the content provided confidentially. The scientific evaluator also may give suggestions to researchers in order to improve the quality of the research through the comments of the evaluators. Researchers should ensure that their research sent for publication is original, not previously published in a journal or in another language. This kind of plagiarism constitutes unethical publishing behavior and this behavior is unacceptable. For information about publication ethics follow the following link:
2-2: Research evaluation process:
In order to maintain the research evaluation system, researchers are obligated to participate in the scientific research evaluation process sent by other researchers. When needed, the authors may be obligated to provide one or a group of evaluators to the editorial board or director. Athar Al-Rafedain journal reviews all research submitted for publication with at least two evaluators. The journal also adopts a double covered review policy: researchers do not know who is responsible for the evaluation, and evaluators also do not know who is responsible for the research. The process of evaluating research is done through the online research submission system. After submitting the research to the system via the Internet, the system immediately notifies the editor-in-chief by sending a paper for publication in the magazine. After a preliminary examination of the research by the editorial office, two or more evaluators are assigned to conduct the evaluation of the research. After completing the evaluation process and receiving the reports of the scientific evaluation, the editor-in-chief will make a decision regarding this research, as sometimes the evaluators may not agree with each other about the evaluation of the research, so in exceptional cases the report of the evaluation of the research may not reflect the final decision sent to the editor-in-chief by the evaluator. This decision, after each evaluation round, may be one of the following:
1. Accepting the research without any other changes.
2. Accepting the research with slight corrections. The research may or may not be sent for final correction to the evaluators for another round of corrections.
3. Accepting the research with major corrections. The research is sent with the final correction to the evaluators for another round of corrections.
4. Refusal to publish the research submitted for publication in the Journal of Athar Al-Rafedain
5. Inability to evaluate the research. Another evaluator is re-assigned to scientifically evaluate the research.
2-3: Evaluation of research before publication:
In addition to the initial evaluation process, Athar Al-Rafedain journal evaluates research before it is published in its final form by the editor of the journal and members of the editorial board. This evaluation works to ensure the quality of the published research and to meet certain criteria in addition to the conclusions presented in this research have been justified. This stage includes online comments and citations on the published papers. Researchers respond to comments from the scientific community and may review their research. This method is described as allowing researchers to quickly publish topics in Archaeology.
3: Preparing the research paper:
The research must be submitted in either Arabic or English, and it must be written according to the appropriate rules of writing and spelling. Research must also be submitted in 12-point Times New Roman font quality, according to MS-Word, in single column format, and on an A4 sheet. The printed area should be 15 cm x 24 cm. One-time research is submitted in order to obtain a defined number for research in the journal. Submitting the search more than one time can cause the research to be rejected due to sending more than one copy of the research, and the research must be attached to the title page of the research that includes the author's name (s), their affiliations and their email.
3-1: Writing in English:
For researches written in the English language submitted for publication in the Athar Al-Rafedain journal, researchers whose first language is not English should ensure that the current research is written in a linguistically sound English language before submitting the research. Please also write the search text in English well (the American or British style is accepted, but the two may not be mixed).
3-2: Sending new research:
Submission to Athar Al-Rafedain site is via the Internet, and the researchers will be directed step-by-step during creating and downloading the research files. As part of the evaluation process, researchers may choose to submit the research as a single file for use in the evaluation process. The research file must be .in docx or .doc  format in order for these files to be used in the evaluation process. It is preferable that all figures and tables be added to the main research file.
3-3 References
The list of references should be provided according to the style followed by Athar Al-Rafedain journal. Where applicable, the name (s) of the researcher (s) must be the title of the research, the year of publication, the journal abbreviation, title of the article / chapter / book, volume number / number and pages. Also, the digital document identification number known as DOI should be added.
3-4: Coordination requirements:
There are no strict requirements for coordination, but all researches must contain the necessary basic elements, for example the abstract in Arabic and English, keywords, introduction, materials and methods of work, results, discussion, conclusion, thanks and appreciation, conflict of interest and list of sources. Please make sure to include all figures and tables in the main research file.
3-5: Sending research after evaluation:
Regardless of the format of the initial submission file, especially after evaluators' corrections are made, researchers are required to submit the research file in the journal format in a word document. To avoid unnecessary errors, researchers are recommended to use "spell checking" and "grammar checking" for the file provided. At this stage, the name of the researcher (researchers), their place of affiliation and their email address must be included.
3-6: Presentation of the research document:
While submitting the research to Athar Al-Rafedain journal, all contributing researchers must verify that the research represents a valid work, in addition to that the research was not published in a whole in another journal or that it contains content that is very similar to the research of other authors, in addition to the approval of other researchers to allow. The author in charge of correspondence works with Athar Al-Rafedain journal to review the research, make corrections and validate the evaluators.
3-7: Presentation and verification of research:
The research must not have been published previously in digital or paper form, and it is not subject to the evaluation in another journal at the same time as it was sent to Athar Al-Rafedain journal for evaluation. Copies of references that are likely to be duplicates in the current research (including those that contain substantially similar content or have received the same data) that were previously published or under consideration in another journal should be provided.
4: The research structure sent for publication in Athar Al-Rafedain journal:
The research papers submitted for publication in Athar Al-Rafedain magazine should be as follows: Title; Brief summary; Keywords; Introduction; Materials and methods of work; Results and discussion; Conclusions; Thanks and appreciation; Conflict of interest and list of sources.
4-1: Title page:
The first page includes the title of the research, followed by a single line space and the names and titles of all researchers (without degrees) for the purpose of correspondence, including email (email).
4-2: Research Title:
The title of the research should not exceed 17 words and contain abbreviations, while avoiding complicated and vague expressions.
3-4: Abstract:
The research should contain an abstract in both Arabic and English languages, provided that it does not exceed (100) words, specifying the purpose and objective of the research topic; Basic methods; results of this topic are new, and this section should not contain any abbreviations or sources.
4-4: Keywords:
3 to 5 keywords that can be used for indexing and searching purposes must be added. Keywords must not be repeated with research title words or acronyms, and must be written in alphabetical order and separated by semicolons. The abbreviations must be defined in the first mention of them in the body of the research and will be used later in the text of the search in a brief form.
4-5: Highlighting the study:
Research Highlights are a set of short, concise phrases to present the most important essential findings of your research.
4-6: Introduction:
Briefly describe the research's importance, its scientific background, and the aims of its current study.
4-7: Materials and methods of work:
Sufficient details are provided to enable the current study to be repeated or updated, including methods used or ideas drawn from different scientific sources and to give any other scientific or idiomatic details.
4-8: Results:
The results are written and documented to confirm their importance. The charts and tables must be self-explanatory. Do not repeat the numbers or the texts of the data presented in the tables. Tables and figures should be numbered in the order in which they are mentioned in the text.
4-9: Discussion
An explanation of the results obtained, while supporting them with recent scientific sources related to the subject of the research, the rewriting and repetition of the results should be avoided, as well as the conclusions mentioned in a concise and expressive way, and in the cases of short research the results can be combined and discussed.
4-10: Conclusion:
This section should highlight the main and fixed findings of the study presented, and determine the added value of the main findings, without any sources listed in this section.
11-4: Thanks and appreciation:
Thanks and appreciation must be made to the people who contributed significantly to the research and to whom the criteria of the researchers participating in the research do not apply to them, as well as grants and funds and how to obtain them, as well as reference to the names of the supporting organizations and the date of start and end of financial support with the inclusion of this part of the number of the supporting organizations, if any.
4-12: Conflict of Interest:
A statement of conflict of interest must be placed in the research as follows: Researchers declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this research.
4-13: List of sources:
Sources should be numbered in parentheses sequentially in the text in the order in which they were mentioned first, and included at the end of the search in the list of sources. Magazine titles should be shortened according to the catalog of indexed journals for  ( Personal contacts or unpublished data should be mentioned in the research.
4-14: Examples of resource types:
- Research in the journal : Ismail, Khaled Salem, Abdul Rahman, Shaimaa Waleed, unpublished economic texts from the era of King Shaw-Sin, Athar Al-Rafidain Magazine, vol. 5, 2020, p. 33.
- Book : Suleiman, Amer, Law in Ancient Iraq, Mosul, Iraq, 1977. P. 99.
- Master’s thesis or doctorate thesis : Al-Aswad, Hikmat Basheer Majeed, Lamentations Literature in Mesopotamia in the light of cuneiform sources, unpublished Master thesis, University of Mosul, 2002. P. 95.
4-15: Tables:
Tables and graphs should be provided as an image but must be added in an adjustable form. Do not use the vertical and horizontal interior rules. Tables must be set within the text and must have a clear structure with successive numerical order. All tables must be numbered (1, 2, 3, etc.). Adequate information must be added in the title of the figures and tables so that each table is understandable without the need to refer to the text. An explanation of the table (title) explaining the table components are added. The source related to these figures or tables is also referred to and added as a source in the list of sources. Tables with the above illustrations shall be in complete and non-repeated numbers, and the footnotes to the tables shall be indicated in small letters.
4-16: Numbers:
High quality shapes / illustrations should be in the range of 300-200 dpi. Make sure that the shapes are clear, tagged, and of a size that can be clearly reproduced in the magazine. The numbers must be set within the text. The following notes should be applied to the numbers:
- Each figure should contain a brief explanation that accurately describes what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the manuscript.
- Determine the previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the caption.
5: Research Participation Criteria:
All researchers contributing to the research must be eligible for this, and the sequence of researchers must be agreed upon by all researchers. Download the authorship form.
The researchers' contribution must be significant to the design, implementation, analysis and interpretation of data. All researchers must participate in the finalization of the article or review it, and all researchers must confirm that they have seen and approved the final version of the research as well as agreeing to submit it for publication in Athar Al-Rafedain journal.
6: Copyright:
Athar Al-Rafedain journal explains the type of copyright under which the works of researchers will be published as follows. When submitting the research, the authors must attach the full journal publication agreement. To download the Researcher (s) Copy Right Form.
6-1: Required Permission: 
The permission of the publisher must be requested to reproduce any significant portion of the copyrighted work that depends on both the importance and the quantity of the reproduced parts. This includes any text, illustrations, blueprints, tables, photographs, or other materials from previously published sources. If extracts from other copyrighted works are included, the researcher (s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners (publisher) and approve the source (s) in the search.
6-2: Unnecessary permission:
Copyright protects only the original (i.e. creative) materials. As such, it only protects the form of the expression of work, not the ideas or facts contained therein. Public works are not protected by copyright and may be reproduced without permission. However, permission will be required to reuse the final, modified, edited and published final version of the work in some cases, as it is the property of the publisher.
7: Journals with Free Access:
Athar Al-Rafedain publishes the research work and covers a wide range of archaeological sciences with its branches. All researches published in Athar Al-Rafedain journal are free of charge and distributed according to the Free Access License Agreement. Under this license, researchers retain copyright ownership of their content.
8: Author's Agreement:
In order to publish the research work, Athar Al-Rafedain journal needs copyright. For free access research, the publisher uses an exclusive licensing agreement in which researchers retain copyright in their research.
8-1: User License Agreement:
Athar Al-Rafedain journal provides access to the archived material through the archives of the magazine. The researchers are a part of the open archives and are freely available on the website of Athar Al-Rafedain journal, which starts from the date of the final publication of the research. Authors or users of the authors' research need to explain how they use this research. All published research will be free and direct for all to be read and download. Permitted reuse is defined by a Creative Commons user license called "Creative Shared Attribution". Athar Al-Rafedain journal reserves the copyright of the published papers in it, which are issued under "Creative License," which allows unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction of research by any means, provided that the original file was cited in the work correctly.
9: Conflict of interest:
Researchers are asked to clarify whether or not close conflicts exist. If an organization includes any financial interest in the results of the study, researchers must submit a declaration that has full access to all the data in the study and bears full responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. All studies (if necessary, based on type and topic) must be approved by the Ethics Committee / Institutional Review Board relevant to the institutions concerned. Researchers who wish to include numbers, tables or text sections previously published elsewhere must obtain permission from the owner (copyright owners) of both the printed form and on the Internet and to include evidence that this permission is granted when submitting their papers. It will be assumed that any material received without such evidence has been created by researchers. The copyright transfer agreement is signed by the corresponding author, upon acceptance of the research, on behalf of all researchers, for publication to be legally responsible towards the journal's ethics and privacy policy. Researchers will be notified as soon as possible of decisions regarding the relevance of their research for publication in the journal. Once the research is accepted for publication, it will be edited and copied, and then sent to the researcher in charge of messaging information about accessing his research for correction. Other than correcting typos, adjustments cannot be made at this point. The material submitted for inclusion can be considered, but it cannot be returned. The magazine editors reserve the right to accept or reject any material at any stage, if necessary. Download Conflict of Interest Form
10: The Role of Funding Sources:
Researchers are asked to clearly identify who provided financial support for conducting the research and / or preparing the research and briefly describing the role of the sponsor in any part of the work including designing and conducting the study, collecting, analyzing, interpreting, preparing, reviewing, and approving data. The following rules must be followed:
1. The sentence should begin with: 'This work was supported by .....
2. The name of the official financing agency must be given in full in an expandable form and not in an abbreviated form.
3. The grant numbers must be complete, accurate, and enclosed in parentheses as indicated: [Grant Number ABX CDhalf].
4. Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma: "[Grant ABX CDhalf, EFX GHphia]".
5. The agencies should be separated by two points (as well as “and” before the last funding agency).
11: Errors in published papers:
When researchers discover a major error or inaccuracy in his published research, the author’s commitment to notify the journal’s editor or publisher is immediately to withdraw or correct the research. Finally, it must be ensured that the researcher responsible for the correspondence has seen all researchers involved in the research agree to the final version and agree to it and present it in its final form for publication.
12: Preventing plagiarism and violating publication ethics:
All research that is subject to evaluation process or has been published previously is subject to examination using a plagiarism prevention program. Plagiarism is a serious violation of publishing ethics. Other violations include repeated research, data processing and forgery, and inappropriate credit for the researcher's contribution. Therefore, impersonation, fraud, or inaccurate data intentionally constitutes immoral and unacceptable behavior and the same research is submitted to more than one journal simultaneously in an unethical and unacceptable publication behavior. It is necessary to mention that the Athar Al-Rafedain Journal ignores the research version in which the percentage of inference reaches 20%.
Crosscheck has developed a service that helps editors verify the authenticity of research; CrossCheck is run by iParadigms Ithenticate. For a searchable list of all journals in the CrossCheck database, please visit:
All new research sent to Athar Al-Rafedain journal is automatically checked using Crosscheck inside the editing system. The editorial board member can also choose to run the similarity report at any other point during the review or post-publishing process. The default Similarity Report view method provides the percentage of search text that interferes with one or more published searches. Reuse of the text that was cited legally, may contribute to a decrease in the percentage of inference.
13: Submit the Final Checklist:
To download Submission Checklist, click here
1. Read the journal guide for researchers and make sure that the current research (text, tables and figures) meets the journal's requirements.
2. The research contains the main sections indicated in the journal guide for the researcher.
3. Search spells check.
4. All researchers must read the ethics of publication, prevent plagiarism, violate the ethics of publication, and deal with cases of misconduct before submitting it to Athar Al-Rafedain journal.
5. The research has been read and approved by all the researchers included in the list.
6. It is not recommended that only the researcher responsible for correspondence registers for the magazine’s website, but also for all researchers contributing to the research in order to keep their names correctly.
7. The Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form must be signed by all researchers. In case of multiple authorship, by all researchers, to be legally responsible towards the journal's ethics and privacy policy.
14: Using the digital identification number:
The digital ID number can be used to cite and link electronic documents, which are comprised of a unique alphanumeric and character string that is set to search upon electronic publishing. These numbers never change, and researchers can use the digital ID number to create links to documents on the web.
15: International Creativity Foundation:
Allow others to distribute and copy research, create extracts, summaries, and other revised versions or amendments or works derived from research (such as translation), to include teamwork, as long as they attribute to the researchers of these works, the researcher does not represent that he supports their adaptation to the material, and they do not modify this material in a way Damage to the author's honor or reputation. More details are available at: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). Athar Al-Rafedain journal reserves the copyright of the published papers in it, which are issued under "Creative License," which allows unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction of research by any means, provided that the original file was cited in the work correctly.
16: Research Fees:
Publishing in journals with free publishing gives a relatively new template for publishing scholarly journals that provide barrier-free access around the world to the full text of all published research. It also provides free access to all interested readers to view, download, print, and redistribute any research without subscribing to the journal’s website, which provides a much greater distribution to researchers ’work than the traditional publishing model based on subscription to the magazine’s website or the paper publishing system.
In journales that follow the free access method, publishing costs are paid from the researcher's budget or researchers who published the research, or by the institution in which the researcher works. Athar Al-Rafedain journal is one of the free access journals, therefore publishing the research in this magazine requires paying (1000000) Iraqi dinars only to publish the accepted research, In addition, 15000 IQD is added for the plagiarism check program.