2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 329-349
AbstractIn 1999 a collection of archaeological pieces were seized at the Iraq - Jordan borders its number is (1016) pieces most of them are cuneiform texts. These pieces were confiscated for the benefit of the SBAHO (Iraqi Museum). I have had a permission to study five of them which belong to the Akkadian period (2371-2230 BC). The reason for our choice comes out of the extreme importance of this period in the history of ancient Iraq. This dynasty was united and established the first kingdom in Mesopotamia with the efforts of the centralized authority of King Sargon of Akkad (2371-2316). His reign was considered as a new prosperous era when the country saw a real progress in administrative, political, commercial and military fields. Moreover, the importance of these texts comes from the fact that these texts are from the southern part of Mesopotamia known as Sumer. These texts were written in Sumerian language during the Akkadian rule which confirms the peaceful coexistence between population namely (Sumerians and Akkadians). So we hope that this study will be a new addition to other studies related to the texts of this period. The number of texts of this research is five texts with economic implications related to grain and animals as well as other materials. Because of the fact that these texts were confiscated, we ought to identifying the ownership of the texts and finding out the geographic location come from them and then determining the period of the texts. We add general comments related to the writing of these texts and their language. We explain the Latin and Arabic reading, the Arabic translation and the general meaning of the texts as well as some notes for each text. Finally we attach the photocopies of the texts...
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