Both archaeological and written evidence are used in this study to introduce the ancient history of the Lower Khabur region in Syria. The study starts with the name of the Khabur river in the cuneiform texts and the way of writing the name of it. This modern Arabic name is the same name of the river in those texts. Besides, the history of ancient settlement in the valley of this river, since the oldest periods is studied her.
The site of the main city in the region, known as Dur-katlimu, was identified in Tell Shaikh Hamad which had been excavated. The study shows how this discovery was done and explain the results of the excavations.
Since the region is well documented through texts of the Assyrian kings Adad-nerari II and Tukulti-Ninurta II, both had visited it, the study used those texts to prove the identity of the major archaeological sites there: Tell al-Ṣur, Tell Fodin, Tell Ḥanthal, Tell Mushiḥ and Baṣaira. The study also includes “Falage al-Khabur” as was mentioned in the Assyrian texts.