The poetic image is considered the backbone of poetry and as the structure of the poem. The Mesopotamian poets depended on it to present their ideas and emotions. It can represent the form that shows the poet or artist's geniality and experience is manifested, and the tool for conveying ideas to the recipient in an effective way, and because the image is the essence of poetry, the poet writes his entity with it, though, depiction, expression, and language, to create for us a meaning within the meaning, so its importance appeared among poets in terms of Dimensions of the poem, its structure, composition and linking it with the other parts of the poem to clarify the idea to be demonstrated.
Literary texts left to us by Mesopotamian writers indicate that their civilization was not only footprints on the sands of time, but rather it is the heritage of the written word that is still the essence of humanity and its thought. How did he translate and convey his feelings that he was feeling as well as the thoughts that he had through the five senses (hearing, sight, smell, taste, touch), which were the basis for the first image to be described as traditional at first, but it evolved to reach advanced stages of speech and logic, so With the presence of these senses, we got to know the natural environment with its mountains, plains, marshes, deserts and all the animals that lived in them, in addition to the religious environment that was permeated in the psyche of that person and that left its prominent impact on the composition of his personality, as religious rituals and worship were directly linked to human activities. As for the social environment that the cuneiform texts showed us, it seems that the Sumerian society was a mythical society that believed in superstition and supernatural powers. People who were keen on their commitment to the customs and traditions that they brought by taking pride in the heroism of ancestors and writers, to inherit this social fabric a literature that is less than its counterpart in the ancient world due to the influence of the island peoples by Sumerian and vice versa towards legends, epics, lamentations, spinning, prayer, supplications, hymns, etc.