Alaiejam and From in Arabic Calligraphy
AbstractThe Arabic calligraphy is considered a decorative aesthetic , in addition ti its role in transmition of information , ideas and opinious . Where it occupies an important position in the Islamic arts as he was cared by Muslim artist. Arabic calligraphy was the fist attention of the scholars , princes and caliphs Muslim artist developed and inuovated in calligraphy until it brought advanced stages and different models .
As for the subject of our research is the from and the reluctance in the Arabic calligraphy, the Source of our stady of this Subject descended from the origind theoretical origin, Which is the Islamic writings, from, history and evolution . Many texts have been included a ssumptions and jurisprudence and inherited opinions, of most of them are true, some of these opinions the mind is not acceptable, the transport is subject to error, illusion, in crease or decrease. The second source is the materid or tangible source, in cluding what wrote on the stone papyrus and various writing materials including inscriptions. The study have three categories, the first category is alaiojam, it means signs that are placedabove the similar characters in the drawing or below to distinguish them from each others, the second section is the from of restricing the letters to remove ambiguity to the reader in the expression . the third section, is the colors of the in used to distinguish the movement from points.
These study depends on many references from there the important of oure test to this subject , and this subject have abenefit, in many life aspeets because these subject give us a clear picture about the developments of Arabic calligraphy in the society on different ages .
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