The loan contracts study and their analysis is one of the most important economic documents that shed light on the understanding of the economic system that prevailed in the old Babylonian period (2002-1595). It helps to know the motherlands of economic concentration and the authorities in the economic system, and to know commercial activities and economic level of the population at large.
This research consists of the reading and analysis of four unpublished cuneiform texts from the old Babylonian period from the city of Lagaba from the Iraqi Museum. All four texts reached the Iraqi Museum by way of confiscation in the middle of the last century. , Two of them dating back to the king (Hammurabi-Hammamrabi) (1792- 1750 BC), while the other two texts was back to the king (Samsu-iluna) (1750-1712 BC).
The nature of the texts, three of them are in good condition, the fourth is broken and slightly distorted, but with this I was able to read it based on information in the other texts. Three of the four texts bear stamp of cylinder seals with cuneiform inscriptions.
The importance of this research first, is that it consists of reading and analyzing unpublished cuneiform texts. Second, these texts are back to the city of Lagaba, whose place has not been discovered to this day, which is considered one of the flourishing economic cities of Kings Hammurabi and Samsu-iluna.