Keywords : animals


Motives behind the Mummification of Animals by the Ancient Egyptians

Athar Alrafedain, 2021, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 213-233
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2021.169560

The ancient Egyptians mummified animals for they belief that they were of a sacred status. Despite that hadn’t been worshipping those animals, they sanctified them for their symbolic significance in which they believed would bring them closer to the deity. Even though, those animal deities had been nothing but embodied appearance or a symbol of divine powers, but the ancient Egyptians believed mummification would fill the place with blessings, protection and they would avail of them in the afterlife as food and enjoyment as it was the case in the earthly life.

Animals on the Scenes of the Neo Sumerian Arts

Athar Alrafedain, 2020, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 185-202
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2021.169578

In this research we review the pictures of the most important types of animals dating back to the new Sumerian period , as well as scenes of animals carried on the works of art, which is one of the most important sources of information in the subject of research. Various forms of animal types , such as bulls, lions, horses, etc., have been carried out on artistic works according to the rules and expressions of the design of the scenes, which emerged through the adopted models that depicted the plant and animal environment in which man lived. In addition, the scenes of these animals represent the importance of the history of the presence of these animals and their types on the land of Iraq. The research also highlights the most important scenes of animals dating back to the Sumerian period in order to know the artistic features and method of implementation of these artistic scenes. Is of great importance in old art in general and Sumerian art in particular based on what is available in the discovered evidence . On the other hand, this research aims at shedding light on the skill of the Sumerian artist in the implementation of works of art very accurately resulting from the accumulation of experience and communication across generations to a peak in the subsequent arts, as well as the elimination of monotony and space on the surfaces of those models concerned, and that these works – reflect an important civilization phase that has had a clear impact and we can infer this from some of the elected and implemented models on the relevant artistic scenes.

Examples of wild animals on the Assyrian sculptures - selected samples

Yasmin Yassin Saleh

Athar Alrafedain, 2012, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 201-212
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2012.69787

Information related to the animals in Mesopotamia comes from three sources, the first of which is the bones discovered through archaeological excavations, the second is the signs of cuneiform texts, and the third is the artistic scenes. The study of animal bones provides us with valuable information about the animal's type, sex, age, and in some cases, the diseases it previously had. The cuneiform texts provided information on the names of animals, as well as economic records on temple herds, as well as lists of animals that kings hunted or kept in their private parks.