Keywords : Unpublished


Unpublished Akkadian cuneiform texts from the Iraqi Museum

mahmood hamid ahmed

Athar Alrafedain, 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 329-349
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2013.76883

In 1999, a group of archaeological pieces were seized at the Iraqi-Jordanian border, totaling (1016) pieces, the cuneiform texts representing the largest part of them, and these pieces were confiscated for the benefit of the General Authority for Antiquities and Heritage (the Iraqi Museum). Note that the texts date back to the Akkadian era and are of great importance, as they go back to an era in which the country was united under a unified central government under the leadership of King Sharrukin the Akkadian. What increases the importance of these texts is that they came from the cities of the southern part of Iraq known as the land of Sumer, and it was written in the Sumerian language under the Akkadian rule.

Unpublished ancient Babylonian texts dealing with the cattle fattening

Ahmed Maysir Fadel

Athar Alrafedain, 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 317-328
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2013.76879

for livestock. Including cattle is of great importance in the economic life in ancient Iraq, perhaps the most prominent of which is to benefit from its products, especially meat, dairy, leather, wool, and others. In this area, one of the priorities of the ancient Iraqis, especially the kings, was the supervision of organized sheds for livestock breeding, multiplication and fattening, and this study came to shed some light on the barn Cattle fattening in the city of Larsa during the ancient Babylonian era.

Unpublished Mathematical Text from Tell IBZIKH in the Iraqi Museum

سالم یحیى خلف الجبوری

Athar Alrafedain, 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 423-426
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2013.76894

The Babylonians introduced the greatest of civilizational achievements in the history of mankind in different branches of knowledge, especially mathematics, because it is the language of sciences and the basis upon which the other sciences are built, such as astronomy, physics, chemistry, geometry and etc. Actually, the achievement, that took place in Mesopotamia are regarded as the cornerstone of all inventions that appeared in different adjacent countries and in later different periods. Also, the remains and the information that came down to us underline the greatness of this people and the originality of this civilizationز

An unpublished Assyrian royal text belonging to King Adad-Nirari I (1307-1275 BC)

Khaled Ali Khattab

Athar Alrafedain, 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 255-273
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2013.76869

The Assyrian royal texts are among the most important texts that developed in the Assyrian eras, which took their style from the Sumerian and Babylonian peoples, where they were often written on stones, and this continued until the modern Assyrian era, the Assyrian royal inscriptions were directed primarily at the gods, so they were placed in places hidden from view.

An unpublished cuneiform text from the Akkadian period

Khaled Haider Othman

Athar Alrafedain, 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 199-204
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2013.76852

The research dealt with the translation and analysis of a cuneiform text dating back to the Akkadian era. The text consists of fifteen lines, eight of them on the obverse and seven on the back. The subject of the text included the delivery of a quantity of barley to persons, one of whom was "Blei Tap Tap", who worked as a clerk, who received a quantity of barley representing a ration for three months.
As for the second person, he received a quantity of 10 bale of barley as a ration for two months, who worked as a master builder. As for the third person, he received one bale of barley as a ration for two months.