Keywords : Nineveh

Study in the Bronze Head of the Akkadian Revealed in Nineveh

Hussein Dhahir Hammood

Athar Alrafedain, 2022, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 57-78
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2022.170120

 One of the most outstanding Akkadian metal sculptures is the so called ''Bronze Head'' discovered in Nineveh. This elaborate highly

polished work of art is a remarkable work bearing witness to the Akkadian sculptor's long expenence which is full of life and delicate senses. One can say that the sculptor laid through this work the foundation of the oldest sculpture school in the world.
The Bronze Head reflects an image of a royal character, there are many opinions  of  researchers about return to Šarru-kin (Sargon) the founder of the Akkadian dynasty, or to one of his sons or grandsons.
Some pieces of evidence collected from the available artistic samples are presented in this reading to prove the attribution of the Bronze Head to king Šarru-kin( Sargon) of Akkad. The reading elaborates on the style of achieving this work and the characteristics which make the audience feel its liveliness. Indeed, these characteristics clearly express the deeply-rooted charm of the sculpture and reflect the skill of the sculptor in treating, casting and engraving the solid metal of bronze into a hollow bullion.

Indications from the history of the city of Nineveh during the third and second millennium BC

Haifa Abdel Ahmed

Athar Alrafedain, 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 351-375
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2013.76886

Archaeological excavations indicate that the history of the city of Nineveh dates back to early times that exceed the fifth millennium BC, according to the study of pottery evidence, models of seals and the foundations of the plans of the buildings discovered there. Civilizational developments have continued in the archaeological site of Nineveh, based on a study of the remnants of the archaeological layers and determining their temporal roles up to the historical ages when cuneiform texts began to appear among the contents of the site to shed more light on the civilizational history of this city.

The palace of king Ashur-aḫi-idina in Nineveh -Reading and Analyzing the Inscriptions and Archaeological Evidences

Khalid Salim Ismael

Athar Alrafedain, 2012, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 51-61
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2012.69689

The palace of King Ašur-aḫi-idina (Esarhaddon) 681-668 BC. was built on the Nabi Yunis hill, it is one of the important archaeological buildings in the city of Nineveh. King Ašur-aḫi-idina mentioned it in his memorial writings and gave very accurate descriptions of the stages of building this palace, and how he expands it, as well as important details that outlined the stages of its construction and how it became a distinguished administrative building, which he called "the palace in which everything was collected".
In this research, we will shed light again on this building through a careful analytical reading of what was mentioned in the memorial cuneiform writings of this king in which he referred to the rebuilding of this palace and the expansion of its area and making it one of the most important and famous buildings of the city of Nineveh and the most famous at that time, as he explained the purpose of building this great palace.

Al-Khawser River in Cuneiform Sources

Abdul Rahman Younis Abdul Rahman

Athar Alrafedain, 2012, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 158-176
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2012.69780

The Khosr River is one of the ancient tributaries of the Tigris River, whose traces of its valley are still visible in the city of Nineveh to the present time. According to the discovered written evidence, the first mention of the Khosr River in cuneiform texts came in the records of the Middle Assyrian Period, specifically from the reign of King Tukulti - Abel - Ishara I (1115-1077 BC). As the name of the river was mentioned in the texts of this king in the form (Khosra), while it was mentioned in the texts of King Sennacherib (704-681 BC) in the form (Khosri), and this name has continued to this day despite the passage of 3000 years since Its inclusion in cuneiform texts.

The Royal Streets obelisks in Nineveh between the Biblical Text and the Art Scene

Nawala Ahmed Al-Mutwally

Athar Alrafedain, 2012, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 61-75
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2012.69690

The research deals with an Assyrian stone obelisk acquired by the Iraqi Museum in 1999 and displayed in the Mosul Civilization Museum with museum number 147624 - A.D. It is a rectangular obelisk that includes a text written in cuneiform dating back to the Assyrian king Sennacherib (704-681 BC). The text included the name of the king and his titles and a summary of his military actions as well as his construction works in "the city of Nineveh. The obelisk was appended to the penalties imposed on those who cross the street in which it was placed".