Keywords : study

Study in the Bronze Head of the Akkadian Revealed in Nineveh

Hussein Dhahir Hammood

Athar Alrafedain, 2022, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 57-78
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2022.170120

 One of the most outstanding Akkadian metal sculptures is the so called ''Bronze Head'' discovered in Nineveh. This elaborate highly

polished work of art is a remarkable work bearing witness to the Akkadian sculptor's long expenence which is full of life and delicate senses. One can say that the sculptor laid through this work the foundation of the oldest sculpture school in the world.
The Bronze Head reflects an image of a royal character, there are many opinions  of  researchers about return to Šarru-kin (Sargon) the founder of the Akkadian dynasty, or to one of his sons or grandsons.
Some pieces of evidence collected from the available artistic samples are presented in this reading to prove the attribution of the Bronze Head to king Šarru-kin( Sargon) of Akkad. The reading elaborates on the style of achieving this work and the characteristics which make the audience feel its liveliness. Indeed, these characteristics clearly express the deeply-rooted charm of the sculpture and reflect the skill of the sculptor in treating, casting and engraving the solid metal of bronze into a hollow bullion.

Lights on the Royal Edicts from Old Babylonian Period Analytical Study

Athar Alrafedain, 2021, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 83-94
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2021.169565

This study sheds light on the royal edicts issued in the Late Old Babylonian Period, specifically from the era of the reign of the Babylonian king Ammi - Saduqa (1646-1626 BC), which are orders and instructions issued by this king to treat the deteriorating economic conditions in an instant and fast manner. And it seems that these royal edicts represent a special permit or legislative regulation that has been widely popular since the second part of the Old Babylonian Period (2002-1595) B.C.