Keywords : Assyrian


Assyrian's Concerns of Fear and Anxiety Regarding Demons and Evil Spirits.

Athar Alrafedain, 2021, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 45-70
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2021.169556

Since ancient times, the Assyrians believed that there are occult powers and a world of evil spirits and demons represented by evil gods that cause concern and spread fear and dread in the souls of the population by sending tribulations and diseases to people. All of this was made clear by many texts and monuments that were discovered, therefore, they followed many methods and ways that were reflected in their behaviors, to get rid of their harm, this was represented in following several religious rituals, including prayers, advancement, and casting religious spells, in addition to the expiation rituals of Namburbe NAMBÚR-BI that have a religious and magical nature to keep away the evil, and as they came up with the idea of sheltering spirits, Shido and Mason, represented by the winged bulls that were placed at the city gates, entrances to palaces and small statues that were placed in the foundations of the walls and floors of rooms.

An unpublished Assyrian royal text belonging to King Adad-Nirari I (1307-1275 BC)

Khaled Ali Khattab

Athar Alrafedain, 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 255-273
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2013.76869

The Assyrian royal texts are among the most important texts that developed in the Assyrian eras, which took their style from the Sumerian and Babylonian peoples, where they were often written on stones, and this continued until the modern Assyrian era, the Assyrian royal inscriptions were directed primarily at the gods, so they were placed in places hidden from view.

The Throne of Sin-Ahi-Ariba (Sennacherib) as a Model for the Assyrian Thrones

Yasmin Abdulkareem Mohameed Ali Alasady

Athar Alrafedain, 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 235-243
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2013.76866

The throne chair in the modern Assyrian era is one of the most prominent models of thrones in ancient Iraq, as the Assyrian artist excelled in depicting a large number of these forms of thrones on a variety of materials, the most prominent of which was depicted on the mural carvings that decorated the walls of the halls of the Assyrian palaces. The throne chair of King Sen - Achi - Ariba is one of the most important of those thrones in terms of its manufacture and decoration.

Conspiracies and revolutions against the Assyrian state

Ali Yassen Aljuboori

Athar Alrafedain, 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 41-64
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2013.76816

The Assyrian state, represented by its kings, faced many internal and external conspiracies. Indeed, on the internal level, we find that these conspiracies did not succeed except with the participation of one of the king’s sons or brothers (Tukulti Ninurta I, Shalmaneser III, Sennacherib and Ashurbanipal), and these conspiracies are not documented by the participants. It appears in the writings of the king who eliminated it, and this can be explained by the fact that the scribes working in the king’s palace could not document such a matter for fear of participating in, in case the conspiracy did not succeed. The reason for these revolutions is the system of inheriting the throne to the eldest son, and in the absence of this right, these conspiracies occur because the person excluded from the throne is not convinced of this procedure.

The Relationship Between The Assyrian Kings and Their Gods

Ali Yassen Aljuboori

Athar Alrafedain, 2012, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 3-19
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2012.69793

The Assyria were group of the Amorite tribes who migrate from west of Mesopotamia (Syria) by the beginning of the second Millennium B.C and they established their city state in Mari, Isin, Larsa, Babylon and Ešnunna in Middle and south of Ancient Iraq. Aššur, however inaugurated in the North part and developed its commercial relationship with Cappadocia even they established their own commercial center there. Normally the Assyrian history divided into Old, Middle and Neo. The later was the most important one in Ancient Near Eastern history, because the Assyrian expands their empire to word Anatolia, Mediterranean region and Egypt as well. Our Historical textual information's come from the Middle and Neo Assyrian periods however royal and private correspondence and everyday life activities ie social, trade, religious literature etc. mainly Neo-Assyrian from the seven century until the fall of Nineveh in 612 B.C.