Keywords : Assyria


Manifestations the Wisdom and its Dimensions in the Speeches of the Kings of the Sargonic Dynasty

Safwan Sami Saeed Al-Rifai

Athar Alrafedain, 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 3-35
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2022.174205

The research aims, as appears from its title, to study an important and prominent aspect of the leadership personality of the kings of Assyria. The nature of its features and dimensions are embodied in the contents of the speeches of the kings of the Sargonic dynasty and their 
immortal exploits in managing the relationships of their vast kingdom and addressing its various issues with a high level of wisdom and acumen that aims to look with insight and contemplation. In the depths of matters and their details, extrapolating events, studying them, extracting experiences from them, and judging them. Every statement or discourse that called for an honor, an exhortation, a reminder, a censure, or a prohibition against an ugly act represented one of the aspects of wisdom they had in cultivating souls, achieving justice, acting upon it, and arranging matters toward their correctness. Proceeding from this vision, the study came to investigate the manifestations of wisdom in the sayings of these kings and their correspondence, and to know its dimensions by standing at some of their behaviors and knowing the truth of their policies in managing their kingdom.

Irrigation and Cultivation of Nimrud City during the Reign of the King Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 B.C): A Study in the Light of the Cuneiform Texts and the Results of Archaeological Excavations

Mustafa Yahya Faraj

Athar Alrafedain, 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 165-180
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2022.174212

The Assyrian kings paid great attention to irrigation and cultivation. The irrigation projects were one of the important achievements of the Assyrian kings, which contributed greatly to supporting the population and urban expansion of the Assyrian cities. The water canal established by King Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BC) in the city of Nimrud is an important project. The purpose of this canal was to permanently irrigate the agricultural lands in the Nimrud plain in addition to establishing orchards.
This research deals with the details of irrigation and cultivation based on the information from the cuneiform texts as with physical evidence and archaeological surveys.
 

Rebellion and disobedience in the Neo-Assyrian Kingdom (911-612 BC)

Safwan Sami Saeed

Athar Alrafedain, 2012, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 119-132
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2012.69697

The military expansion of the Neo Assyrian period was different impulsive and reasons, the mass deportation of the peoples from the conquered countries and settling them as groups in side Assyria and in other countries which retained their ethnic unity in Assyria. the endless orders of these kings, all these factors had their great effect in creating a kind of rebellious behaviors of a sector of population in Assyrian kingdom. These rebellious movements against the king's authority and his influence which affected all the aspects of life in the kingdom. This rebellion bothered most of the Assyrian kings who thought that it is an indication to the kingdom weakness and its exhaustion politically and economically, so they tried through their different policies control that situation and put an end to it. The present research aims at shedding the light on the characteristics of that rebellion and knowing its reasons and the ways followed by the Assyrian kings to prevent it.

Water supply and disposal in Assyria in the light of cuneiform sources.

Eman Hani Alloush

Athar Alrafedain, 2012, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 145-157
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2012.69779

The supply and disposal of water in the cities and the capital in ancient Iraq is one of the important civilizational achievements and one of the most important elements of civilization whose influence has spread to the civilizations of the neighboring countries of Mesopotamia. The cuneiform texts and archaeological evidence reflected the importance of providing water to the population in ancient Iraq, especially the modern Assyrian era, as well as finding ways to drain the (heavy) wastewater.