Keywords : Museum


Unpublished Mathematical Text from Tell IBZIKH in the Iraqi Museum

سالم یحیى خلف الجبوری

Athar Alrafedain, 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 423-426
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2013.76894

The Babylonians introduced the greatest of civilizational achievements in the history of mankind in different branches of knowledge, especially mathematics, because it is the language of sciences and the basis upon which the other sciences are built, such as astronomy, physics, chemistry, geometry and etc. Actually, the achievement, that took place in Mesopotamia are regarded as the cornerstone of all inventions that appeared in different adjacent countries and in later different periods. Also, the remains and the information that came down to us underline the greatness of this people and the originality of this civilizationز

Unpublished Akkadian cuneiform texts from the Iraqi Museum

mahmood hamid ahmed

Athar Alrafedain, 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 329-349
DOI: 10.33899/athar.2013.76883

In 1999, a group of archaeological pieces were seized at the Iraqi-Jordanian border, totaling (1016) pieces, the cuneiform texts representing the largest part of them, and these pieces were confiscated for the benefit of the General Authority for Antiquities and Heritage (the Iraqi Museum). Note that the texts date back to the Akkadian era and are of great importance, as they go back to an era in which the country was united under a unified central government under the leadership of King Sharrukin the Akkadian. What increases the importance of these texts is that they came from the cities of the southern part of Iraq known as the land of Sumer, and it was written in the Sumerian language under the Akkadian rule.